ITF, THE VOOPS CAN CONTRIBUTE TO THE DECARBONISATION
Currently the port system is facing with the need to meet the challenge of reducing emissions by seeking technological and organizational innovations to be applied in ports, but even more along logistics chains by sea and by land .So this means that we have to manage the naval gigantism and build green logistics chains who can join together in a sustainable way the three “legs” of the system: the maritime routes, ports and the hinterland served.
While the ports are directly responsible for a fraction of the emissions, to minimize the production of Co2 the real difference lies in the choice of the “right port”, in terms of geographic location and operational capacity.
“This concept, said Paolo Costa during the round table entitled “Innovations for the green sea transport: the role of ports” – is particularly valid for the logistics chains between Europe and Far East, where the sea leg accounts for 68 % of CO2 emissions, as it reaches the market to the ground to 30% and, finally, the ports account for 2%. This means that having efficient ports able to accommodate mega ships could allow to reduce emissions to 30kg per container per day from the current 120kg products by the use of smaller ships now operating on the route to the east. The choice of a port able to accommodate mega ships and close to the target market is therefore the key to achieving sustainable chains that minimize externalities ensuring shorter connections and therefore more green“.
To achieve this goal we need port technological innovations capable of handling new transport models based on the use of mega ships yes, but also capable of unbinding the traffic efficiently and flexibly by forwarding of goods by road, rail and along the waterways along the shortest routes.